Does Red Wine Cause Gout

As a wine enthusiast who often indulges in red wine, I’ve often found myself contemplating the relationship between red wine consumption and gout. Gout is a specific kind of arthritis characterized by severe pain, swelling, …

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As a wine enthusiast who often indulges in red wine, I’ve often found myself contemplating the relationship between red wine consumption and gout. Gout is a specific kind of arthritis characterized by severe pain, swelling, and tenderness in the joints, usually targeting the big toe. Considering the widespread appreciation and consumption of red wine, it’s vital to explore if it can trigger or worsen this painful condition.

Before diving deeper into this topic, it’s essential to understand what causes gout. Gout is caused by the buildup of uric acid in the body, which forms crystals that accumulate in the joints and lead to inflammation. Foods and beverages that are high in purines can increase the levels of uric acid in the body, resulting in gout attacks.

Examining the Purine Content in Red Wine

Red wine is made from fermented grapes, and grapes are generally low in purines. However, during the winemaking process, yeast acts on the sugars in the grapes to convert them into alcohol. This process releases some purines into the wine, albeit in relatively low amounts.

Studies have shown that red wine contains a moderate amount of purines compared to other types of alcohol. However, it’s important to note that the overall purine content of red wine is still relatively low compared to purine-rich foods like organ meats and seafood, which are known to be gout triggers.

The Impact of Alcohol on Uric Acid Levels

Alcohol, in general, can elevate uric acid levels in the body, which can potentially trigger gout attacks. However, the exact relationship between alcohol consumption and gout is complex and can vary from person to person. Some individuals may be more susceptible to gout attacks after consuming alcohol, while others may not be affected at all.

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It’s important to note that excessive alcohol consumption and heavy drinking are more strongly associated with gout than moderate alcohol intake. Moderate consumption is generally defined as one drink per day for women and up to two drinks per day for men.

The Potential Benefits of Red Wine for Gout

While red wine does contain purines and can increase uric acid levels, it’s not all bad news for gout sufferers. Red wine, particularly in moderation, has been linked to several health benefits that may actually be helpful for those with gout.

Resveratrol, a compound found in red wine, has been shown to have anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties. Inflammation plays a significant role in gout, so the anti-inflammatory effects of resveratrol may help alleviate symptoms. Additionally, resveratrol may also have cardiovascular benefits, which can be important for individuals with gout, as they are at a higher risk of heart disease.


After delving into the relationship between red wine and gout, it can be concluded that while red wine does contain purines and has the potential to elevate uric acid levels, moderate consumption is unlikely to trigger or worsen gout attacks for the majority of people. In fact, the potential health benefits of red wine, such as the presence of resveratrol, may even have a positive impact on gout symptoms.

However, it’s essential to remember that everyone’s body reacts differently, and what works for one person may not work for another. If you have gout, it’s always best to consult with your healthcare provider to determine what’s right for you and to ensure that you are managing your condition effectively.

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John has been a hobbyist winemaker for several years, with a few friends who are winery owners. He writes mostly about winemaking topics for newer home vintners.
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