Is White Or Red Wine Worse For Gout

Choosing between a glass of red or white wine can pose a challenge for many, but for individuals dealing with gout—a common type of arthritis—the decision becomes even more critical. Speaking from personal experience with …

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Choosing between a glass of red or white wine can pose a challenge for many, but for individuals dealing with gout—a common type of arthritis—the decision becomes even more critical. Speaking from personal experience with gout, I understand the importance of making informed choices about what we consume. In this article, I aim to delve deeply into the issue: which is worse for people with gout, red or white wine?

Gout and Wine: Understanding the Connection

Gout is a form of arthritis caused by the buildup of uric acid in the body. Uric acid crystals can accumulate in the joints, leading to intense pain, swelling, and inflammation. Inflammation can be triggered by purines, which are naturally occurring substances found in certain foods and beverages, including wine.

Both white and red wines contain purines, but the levels can vary. Red wine is typically made from red or black grapes, which have higher purine content compared to white wine, usually made from white or green grapes. Therefore, some argue that red wine may be worse for gout sufferers due to its higher purine content.

My Experience with Gout and Wine

As someone who enjoys a glass of wine with dinner, I have personally experienced the impact of different wine types on my gout symptoms. In my case, I have found that red wine tends to trigger more frequent gout attacks compared to white wine. However, it is important to note that everyone’s body reacts differently, and what works for me may not work for everyone.

The Role of Alcohol Content

Another factor to consider when evaluating the impact of wine on gout is the alcohol content. While both red and white wines contain alcohol, red wines generally tend to have a higher alcohol content than white wines. Alcohol consumption can contribute to dehydration, which can potentially increase the risk of gout attacks. Additionally, alcohol can interfere with the body’s ability to eliminate uric acid, further aggravating gout symptoms.

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However, it’s important to remember that moderation is key. Consuming any alcoholic beverage in excessive amounts can have negative effects on overall health, including gout symptoms.

My Personal Wine Recommendations

Based on my own experiences and research, if you have gout and still want to enjoy a glass of wine occasionally, here are a few suggestions:

  1. Opt for white wine over red wine, as it generally has lower purine content.
  2. Choose wines with lower alcohol content.
  3. Stay well-hydrated by drinking plenty of water alongside your wine.
  4. Listen to your body and pay attention to how different wines may affect your gout symptoms.


While there is no definitive answer to whether white or red wine is worse for gout, it is clear that moderation and personal awareness are essential. As someone who has navigated the complexities of gout, I can attest to the importance of making informed choices and listening to your body. If you are unsure about the impact of wine on your gout symptoms, it is always a good idea to consult with a healthcare professional for personalized advice.

Remember, what works for one person may not work for another, so take the time to understand your own body’s unique needs and limitations. Cheers to making mindful choices and continuing to appreciate the simple pleasures in life, like a glass of wine!

John has been a hobbyist winemaker for several years, with a few friends who are winery owners. He writes mostly about winemaking topics for newer home vintners.
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