How Do You Make Red Wine Vinegar

Red wine vinegar is a staple in many kitchens, including mine. Its tangy and complex flavors are ideal for dressings, sauces, and marinades. While the thought of making red wine vinegar at home may seem …

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Red wine vinegar is a staple in many kitchens, including mine. Its tangy and complex flavors are ideal for dressings, sauces, and marinades. While the thought of making red wine vinegar at home may seem daunting, it’s actually a simple process that requires minimal effort. In this article, I will walk you through the step-by-step process of creating red wine vinegar from scratch, offering my personal tips and insights along the way.

Gathering the Ingredients

The first step in making red wine vinegar is to gather the necessary ingredients. You will need:

  • Red wine: Choose a good-quality red wine that you enjoy drinking. It’s important to use wine that hasn’t been previously opened or exposed to oxygen, as this can affect the quality of the vinegar.
  • Vinegar mother: This is the starter culture that kickstarts the fermentation process. You can find vinegar mothers online or at specialty fermentation stores.
  • A glass jar: Make sure to use a clean glass jar with a wide opening. This will allow oxygen to circulate, which is essential for the fermentation process.
  • A breathable cover: Use a cheesecloth or a coffee filter to cover the jar. This will protect the vinegar from dust and insects while allowing airflow.

The Fermentation Process

Once you have gathered all the ingredients, it’s time to start the fermentation process:

  1. Pour the red wine into the glass jar, leaving some headspace at the top.
  2. Add the vinegar mother to the jar. The amount you need will depend on the size of your jar and the instructions provided with the vinegar mother.
  3. Gently stir the mixture to ensure that the vinegar mother is evenly distributed.
  4. Cover the jar with the breathable cover, securing it with a rubber band or string.
  5. Store the jar in a cool, dark place with a consistent temperature between 70-80°F (21-27°C).
  6. Allow the mixture to ferment for at least 3-4 weeks, but longer fermentation times will result in a more robust flavor.
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The Waiting Game

During the fermentation process, the red wine will gradually transform into vinegar. This conversion is carried out by the vinegar mother, which contains acetic acid bacteria. These bacteria consume the alcohol in the wine and convert it into acetic acid, giving vinegar its characteristic sour taste.

While you wait for the fermentation to complete, it’s important to periodically check on the vinegar. Give it a gentle stir every few days to promote oxygen circulation and prevent the formation of any unwanted bacteria or mold.

Testing the Vinegar

After the initial fermentation period, you can start tasting the vinegar to determine if it has reached your desired flavor profile. Use a clean spoon to take a small sample and carefully assess its taste. If you prefer a stronger flavor, you can continue fermenting the vinegar for a few more weeks. Once you’re satisfied with the taste, it’s time to strain the vinegar.

Straining and Storing

To remove any sediment or vinegar mother from the liquid, strain the vinegar through a fine-mesh sieve or cheesecloth. Discard the solids and transfer the strained vinegar to a clean glass bottle or jar with a tight-fitting lid.

Store the red wine vinegar in a cool, dark place away from direct sunlight. Properly stored, homemade red wine vinegar can last for several months to a year. Over time, the flavors will mellow and develop further, adding complexity to your culinary creations.


Making red wine vinegar at home is not only a rewarding process but also allows you to customize the flavors to suit your taste preferences. By following these steps and adding your personal touch, you can create a high-quality vinegar that will elevate your cooking to new heights. So why not give it a try and embark on this flavorful journey?

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John has been a hobbyist winemaker for several years, with a few friends who are winery owners. He writes mostly about winemaking topics for newer home vintners.
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