Does Wine Cause Heartburn

As someone who enjoys wine and likes to have a glass with dinner, I’ve often wondered about wine’s ability to induce heartburn. It’s a topic that has sparked debate among many wine enthusiasts, and I …

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As someone who enjoys wine and likes to have a glass with dinner, I’ve often wondered about wine’s ability to induce heartburn. It’s a topic that has sparked debate among many wine enthusiasts, and I wanted to delve deep to discover the truth. So, join me as we explore the relationship between wine and heartburn.

Understanding Heartburn

Before we dive into the specifics of wine and heartburn, let’s first understand what heartburn actually is. Heartburn, also known as acid reflux, is a condition that occurs when the acid in your stomach flows back up into your esophagus. This can cause a burning sensation in the chest and throat, accompanied by an acidic taste in the mouth.

Heartburn is often triggered by certain foods and beverages, as well as lifestyle factors such as smoking, stress, and obesity. But where does wine fit into the equation?

The Culprit: Acid Content

Wine, especially red wine, contains varying levels of acidity. Acidity is an essential component that adds brightness and freshness to the wine, but it can also be a trigger for heartburn. The acidity in wine can potentially relax the lower esophageal sphincter (LES), the muscle that acts as a barrier between the stomach and the esophagus.

When the LES is weakened or relaxed, it allows stomach acid to flow back up into the esophagus, leading to the unpleasant symptoms of heartburn. However, it’s important to note that not everyone experiences heartburn after consuming wine. Individual tolerance levels may vary, and some people may be more susceptible to acid reflux than others.

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Choosing Wine Wisely

If you’re prone to heartburn or have experienced it after drinking wine, there are ways to minimize the risk. Opting for wines with lower acidity levels, such as white wines or less ripe red wines, may be a good starting point. These wines tend to have lower levels of malic and tartaric acids, which are the culprits behind the acidic bite.

It’s also worth considering the alcohol content of the wine. Higher alcohol levels can increase the production of stomach acid, potentially exacerbating heartburn symptoms. So, choosing wines with moderate alcohol levels may help reduce the likelihood of experiencing acid reflux.

Personal Experience and Tips

Speaking from personal experience, I have noticed that certain wines trigger my heartburn more than others. While I love the bold and rich flavors of red wine, I find that it tends to cause more discomfort for me. On the other hand, I have noticed that lighter-bodied white wines, such as Sauvignon Blanc or Pinot Grigio, are less likely to give me heartburn.

It’s important to listen to your body and pay attention to how different wines affect you individually. If you notice that a particular wine consistently triggers heartburn, it may be best to avoid it or consume it in moderation.


In conclusion, wine can indeed cause heartburn for some individuals, especially those who are more prone to acid reflux. The acidity levels and alcohol content of the wine play a significant role in triggering heartburn symptoms. However, it’s important to remember that everyone’s tolerance levels and reactions to wine may vary.

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If you’re someone who experiences heartburn after drinking wine, it’s worth exploring wines with lower acidity levels and moderate alcohol content. Additionally, practicing mindful consumption and listening to your body can help you enjoy wine without the discomfort of heartburn.

Remember, moderation is key, and if you have chronic heartburn or severe symptoms, it’s recommended to consult with a healthcare professional.

John has been a hobbyist winemaker for several years, with a few friends who are winery owners. He writes mostly about winemaking topics for newer home vintners.
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