Should You Let Wine Breathe

As an avid wine lover, I am aware that the discussion of whether or not to let wine “breathe” can ignite intense discussions among experts. Some contend that decanting or allowing wine to breathe helps …

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As an avid wine lover, I am aware that the discussion of whether or not to let wine “breathe” can ignite intense discussions among experts. Some contend that decanting or allowing wine to breathe helps it to fully develop and showcase its best flavors, while others believe it is not necessary and may even weaken the wine’s taste. In this piece, I will explore the scientific reasoning behind wine breathing and offer my own perspective and experiences on this topic.

The Science Behind Wine Breathing

When we talk about letting wine breathe, we are referring to the process of exposing the wine to air before serving it. This process can have a significant impact on the wine’s aromas and flavors. The primary reason why wine benefits from breathing is due to aeration.

When wine comes into contact with oxygen, several chemical reactions occur. One of the key reactions is the oxidation of certain compounds in the wine, such as tannins and sulfites. This process softens the harsh tannins, making the wine smoother and more enjoyable to drink. Additionally, the interaction with oxygen can enhance the wine’s aromas, allowing the subtle notes to emerge.

However, it’s important to note that not all wines benefit from extensive aeration. Delicate and aged wines, for example, can be quite sensitive to oxygen and may lose their flavors quickly if exposed to air for too long. On the other hand, young and robust wines often require more time to breathe in order to reach their full potential.

My Personal Experience

Over the years, I have experimented with allowing wines to breathe before serving, and I can confidently say that it can make a noticeable difference in certain cases. For bold, high-tannin red wines, such as Cabernet Sauvignon or Syrah, decanting for at least an hour can help soften the tannins and reveal the wine’s complexity.

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However, I have also encountered situations where letting the wine breathe seemed unnecessary or even detrimental. Lighter-bodied white wines, for example, may lose their delicate aromas if exposed to air for too long. In these cases, a few minutes of swirling in the glass might be sufficient.

Ultimately, the decision to let wine breathe should be based on the specific bottle and your personal preferences. It’s worth noting that not all wines require decanting or extensive aeration. Some wines are ready to drink upon opening the bottle, while others may benefit from a brief period of swirling in the glass. It’s all about finding the right balance.


In the end, the decision to let wine breathe is a matter of personal preference and experimentation. While there is scientific evidence to support the benefits of aeration, it’s important to consider the characteristics of the wine in question. By paying attention to the wine’s age, varietal, and intensity, you can determine whether or not it will benefit from breathing.

As a wine lover, I encourage you to explore and experiment with different wines and their breathing techniques. Don’t be afraid to trust your palate and try different approaches. After all, the joy of wine lies in its diversity and the endless possibilities it offers to our senses.

John has been a hobbyist winemaker for several years, with a few friends who are winery owners. He writes mostly about winemaking topics for newer home vintners.
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